Drug Education
LOCAL DRUGS OF CONCERN
NORTHWESTERN ONTARIO

CODEINE

Codeine
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This alkaloid is found in opium in concentrations ranging from 0.7 to 2.5 percent. Compared to morphine, codeine produces less analgesia, sedation and respiratory depression and is frequently taken orally. Codeine is medically prescribed for the relief of moderate pain. It is made into tablets either alone or in combination with aspirin or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Codeine is an effective cough suppressant and is found in a number of liquid preparations. Codeine products are also used to a lesser extent, as an injectable solution for the treatment of pain. It is by far the most widely used, naturally occurring narcotic for medical treatment in the world.

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